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Archive for the ‘king of Scotland’ Category

>An Open Letter to Allison Merrill on Robert de Bruce

>Dear Allison:

Thank you for your comment. For more information on your husband’s grandfather I would suggest the best source I have read, Ronald McNair Scott’s biography of King Robert, Robert The Bruce, King of Scots, published by Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., New York, 1992.

I have a paperback version, but I believe hardback copies are available.
If not, try, there could be some used ones for a third of the price. McNair lists several primary and secondary sources of information including standard Scottish history books like Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland by Cal. Doc. Scots, and Dickinson’s and Milne’s A Source Book of Scotish History. You probably should stay with the biographies, however, unless you’re planning a trip to the isles or are near a major university library. If you live in Salt Lake City you might try the Family History Library. If you dig out new info, I would welcome an article written by you which I could place in this blog under your byline. send it to me at

Please write and tell us more about your family. We are LDS people living in Windermere, Florida now (formerly of Minnesota and Salt Lake City) perhaps not of the same line once we leave Robert. I’d like to know where you live and a little more about your husband. When I was in Finland on my mission in 1958-’61 we had an Elder Merrill.

A long time ago, when I realized King Robert was my 20th grandfather I was absolutely wowed. Imagine, the King of Scotland — not just any king but the king who brought Scotland their independence at Bannockburn in 1314 — revered in Scotland and in my home as the “George Washington” of Scotland. Could it be that I have some of the same genes that led to his greatness? What a vain thing to wonder, but when I was young I did wonder. But then I did some math. I have some 6,000 grandfathers, not related to Robert de Bruce. Whatever similarities between me and King Robert are few at best. What a blow to my young ego. Then I learned we were also related directly to Alexander the Great of Mascedonia. As you recall Mascedonia is a landlocked country on the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south and Albania to the west.

You could refer to your own genealogy and find that you’re similarly related to great queens and kings. But the one King that really matters is our older brother, the Savior of mankind, Jesus Christ. He is the only King that I would like to have a close kinship with.

We did some work on Carolyn’s genealogy (my wife) and she’s a Christensen with lines to Denmark, of course. When I was in Finland I wondered what it would be like to return to Finland after my mission and find a Finnish girl to marry. I never did. But I had this in the back of my mind when I met Carolyn, a University of Utah graduate and a registered nurse at the LDS Hospital. She and I are great Ute supporters. I played baseball there. We both graduated from the U. of U. and so did our four children. To make a rambling story short, it wasn’t until we did Carolyn’s history that we found she was directly related to two Finnish Kings. So, in essence, I did marry a Finnish lassie afterall. Strange how everything works out in the end.

Read along with me.

Bannockburn Battle Sequence of Events

Siege of Stirling and the pact with Mowbray

In the year 1314, after 18 years of war, Scotland north of the Forth was free. Stirling, one of the few castles still held by the English lay under Scottish siege. Edward Bruce, the King’s brother, lacking in siege equipment, had remained their for many months in the hope of starving the English out. Sometime in the spring though, Edward, in the chivalry of the time, made a pact with the castle’s governor, one Sir Philip Mowbray. It was agreed that if an English relieving force had not arrived by midsummer’s eve, the castle would be surrendered to the Scots. Robert, on hearing of this was furious with his brother. So far he had relied entirely on guerrilla tactics to oust the English, and undoubtedly Edward II would send a force north, which would mean a pitched battle if Stirling was to be saved.Click onto this for the remainder of this great story.

More on King Bruce: I have yet to read books by our cousins, one by Charles Randolph Bruce and Carol Bruce called Rebel King: … I don’t spend enough time doing family history or going to the temple, though before my legs started giving me trouble I was an ordinance worker in the Orlando Temple. My son Michael and I attended the temple on Wednesday and do so regularly. Since returning from my mission almost 50 years ago I have been active in the church and have held a temple recommend. Non-members may not know what that means, but I would be happy to answer any questions about that if they would leave a comment.

I spend a lot of time online writing. I have 22 blogs, and the center of it is I recently wrote tributes to my wife and daughter, Jennifer — or were they Valentine Cards? Here are the links:

Allison, when you search for “ books on King Robert de Bruce” the first two of three references in the search engines are articles written by me on my grandfather. Maybe you’ve already been there. That doesn’t make me the expert, only a prolific writer.

“There Are Many Bruces With Similar Heritage” is an article right here on Family History. Please click onto it and read about Robert de Bruce.

Please click onto this here to read those articles.

Good luck to you, Allison. Hope to hear from you again soon.

Don White


>There Are Many Bruces With Similar Heritage

Elizabeth De Burgh was only 13 when she married Robert De Bruce. He declared his kingship and the coronation took place when she was only 17. For that era, those ages were not unusual because people usually didn’t live past 40 or 50. /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:”Arial Unicode MS”; panose-1:2 11 6 4 2 2 2 2 2 4; mso-font-charset:128; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1 -369098753 63 0 4129279 0;} @font-face {font-family:”\@Arial Unicode MS”; panose-1:2 11 6 4 2 2 2 2 2 4; mso-font-charset:128; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1 -369098753 63 0 4129279 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:””; margin:0in; margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:”Times New Roman”; mso-fareast-font-family:”Times New Roman”;} h3 {margin-right:0in; mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; margin-left:0in; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; mso-outline-level:3; font-size:13.5pt; font-family:”Arial Unicode MS”; font-weight:bold;} a:link, span.MsoHyperlink {color:blue; text-decoration:underline; text-underline:single;} a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed {color:purple; text-decoration:underline; text-underline:single;} p {margin-right:0in; mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; margin-left:0in; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:”Arial Unicode MS”;} pre {margin:0in; margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:”Arial Unicode MS”;} span.preview {mso-style-name:preview;} p.catlinks, li.catlinks, div.catlinks {mso-style-name:catlinks; margin-right:0in; mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; margin-left:0in; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:”Arial Unicode MS”;} @page Section1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.25in 1.0in 1.25in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} –>

Robert the Bruce and Elizabeth d Burgh,

Elizabeth d Burgh (circa 1289October 27, 1327) was the second wife of Robert I of Scotland (Robert the Bruce).

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (759×1199, 72 KB)From the Seton Armorial in the Nation Library of Scotland (MS Acc. …
Image File history File links Download high resolution version (759×1199, 72 KB)From the Seton Armorial in the Nation Library of Scotland (MS Acc. … Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. … Jump to: navigation, search October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. … Jump to: navigation, search Events January 25 – Edward III becomes King of England. … Robert I, (Robert de Brus in Norman French and Roibert a Briuis in medieval Gaelic), usually known in modern English today as Robert the Bruce (July 11, 1274–June 7, 1329), was King of Scotland (1306–1329). …

She was born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland as the daughter of the powerful Richard Og de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster and his wife Margarite de Burgh (d. 1304). Her father was a close friend of Edward I of England. Jump to: navigation, search Dunfermline (in Gaelic, Dùn Phà rlain), is a town and royal burgh in Fife, Scotland that sits on high ground 3 miles from the shore of the Firth of Forth, northwest of Edinburgh. … Fife (Fìobh in Gaelic) is a unitary council region of Scotland situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth. … Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin: No one provokes me with impunity) (Scots: Wha daur meddle wi me) Scotlands location within the UK Languages with Official Status1 English Gaelic Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area – Total – % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. … Richard Og de Burgh, also known as Richard de Burgh, was the 2nd Earl of Ulster, 3rd Lord of Connacht. … Events 20 July – Fall of Stirling Castle: Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold in the Wars of Scottish Independence. … King Edward I of England (June 17, 1239 – July 7, 1307), popularly known as Longshanks because of his 6 foot 2 inch frame and the Hammer of the Scots (his tombstone, in Latin, read, Hic est Edwardvs Primus Scottorum Malleus, Here lies Edward I, Hammer of the Scots), achieved fame…

Elizabeth probably met Robert the Bruce at the English court, and they married in 1302 at Writtle, near Chelmsford, Essex, England. Robert and Elizabeth were crowned as King and Queen of Scots at Scone on March 27, 1306. This coronation took place in defiance of the English claims of suzerainty over Scotland, and the new King sent Elizabeth, with other family members, to Kildrummy Castle for safety under the protection of his brother Nigel. Events July 11 – Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch), major victory of Flanders over the French occupier. … The village of Writtle lies in Essex, England, just to the west of Chelmsford. … Chelmsford is a town in the county of Essex, in the United Kingdom. … Essex is a county in the East of England. … Jump to: navigation, search Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Density Ranked 1st UK… Jump to: navigation, search Scone is a large village, a mile north of Perth, Scotland. … March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). … Events March 25 – Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 – Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with… Kildrummy Castle is a ruined castle near Kildrummy the traditional Scottish county of Aberdeenshire. …

After the defeat of the Scots at the Battle of Methven on 19 June 1306, the English laid siege to the castle containing the royal party. The siege finally succeeded when the English bribed a blacksmith with “all the gold he could carry” to set fire to the corn store. The victors hanged and beheaded Bruce’s brother, along with all the men from the castle. They imprisoned Bruce’s sister Mary and Isabel, Countess of Buchan in wooden cages erected on the walls of Berwick and Roxburgh castles, and they sent Bruce’s 12-year-old daughter Marjorie Bruce to a nunnery. Due to Edward’s unwillingness to anger the Earl of Ulster, Elizabeth went into house arrest in England. The Battle of Methven took place at Methven in Scotland in 1306, during the Wars of Scottish Independence. … June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. … Events March 25 – Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 – Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with… In the Peerage of Scotland the Kings of Scots have thrice created the title Earl of Buchan. … Map sources for Berwick-upon-Tweed at grid reference NT9952 Berwick-upon-Tweed from across the river Berwick-upon-Tweed, (pronounced Berrick) situated in the county of Northumberland, is the northernmost town in England, situated on the east coast on the mouth of the river Tweed. … Historically, Roxburgh was an important Scottish town. … Margaret de Bruce or Marjorie Bruce (December, 1296 – March 2, 1316) was the only daughter of Robert I of Scotland and his first wife Isabella of Mar. …

Eight years later, after the Bruce had defeated the English at Bannockburn (June 1314), Elizabeth finally walked free in exchange for captured English nobles. The Battle of Bannockburn (June 23, 1314 – June 24, 1314) was a significant Scottish victory in the Wars of Scottish Independence. …

Elizabeth gave birth to two sons and two daughters: John, Matilda, Margaret, and David (the future king David II of Scotland). Elizabeth Bruce died on October 27, 1327 at Cullen Castle, Banffshire and is buried in Dunfermline. Her husband died eight months later. Jump to: navigation, search David II (March 5, 1324 – February 22, 1371) king of Scotland, son of King Robert the Bruce by his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh (d. … Jump to: navigation, search October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. … Jump to: navigation, search Events January 25 – Edward III becomes King of England. … Banffshire (Siorrachd Bhanbh in Gaelic) is a small traditional county in the north of Scotland. …

The above is from and I believe the information is reliable because it jives with other such history I have studied. DonWhite
See also: Wars of Scottish Independence The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between Scotland and England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. …

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 I first list two family history centers in Scotland but see my list of many more than that below. The first, on Julian Avenue in Glasgow, is probably owned by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and is free to the public, both members and non-members. The Church’s archives are the most complete in the world. The second, in Hawick, is connected to the Hawick Museum and you should call ahead to see if there is a charge 
Julian Avenue
Glasgow,   G74 2ED
Phone: 0141-357 1024
Hours open: Tues 10am-9pm; Thur 2pm-9pm; Fri 6pm-9pm
Notes: By appointment only. Phone before visiting.
(Last updated: November 25, 1997)
Hawick Museum & Scott Gallery
Wilton Lodge park,
Hawick.  Roxburghshire. Scottish Borders,   TD9 7JL
Phone: 01450 373457
Hours open:  Phone for appointment is best otherwise Mon-fri 1-4pm  Sat closed  Sun 2-4pm
Notes: Information on Border family names, monumental/grave transcription books, family network files
(Last updated: October 31, 2000)

The following 16 Family History Centers in Scotland are owned by the Mormon Church and are free to the public.

Aberdeen Scotland
North Anderson Drive
Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 122-469 2206
Hours: Wed, Fri and Sat 10:30-3:30; Tues, Thurs 6:30-8:30

Alloa Scotland
Grange Road
Westend Park
Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 125-921 1148
Hours: M 10am-12pm; Tu 6.30pm-8.30pm. Other times by arrangment.
Attention: Contact Mandy Watson on 01259 211986 for an appointment

Ayr Scotland
Corner of Orchard Ave &
Mossgiel Road
Ayr, Ayrshire, Scotland
Hours: T 10am-1pm, 7pm-9pm; Th 10am-1pm except 1st Th of month

Dumfries Scotland
36 Edinburgh Road
Albanybank, Dumfrieshire, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 138-725 4865
Hours: T 9am-3pm, 7pm-9pm

Dundee Scotland
Bingham Terrace
Dundee, Tayside, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 138-245 1247
Hours: T-Th 9am-3pm; W, Th 6pm-9pm; also alternate M mornings & Tu evenings.

Edinburgh Scotland
30A Colinton Road
Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0)131-313 2762
Hours: T 10am-2pm, T 7pm-9pm.
Attention: Use entrance Spylaw Road

Elgin Scotland
Pansport Road
Elgin, Morayshire, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 134-354 6429
Hours: W 7pm-9pm; Th 1.30pm-4pm; Sat 9.30am-12pm

Glasgow Scotland
35 Julian Avenue
Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 141-357 1024
Hours: M 11am-2pm, T 10am-9pm, W 2pm-6pm
Closed: From thurs. 18 Dec. 2008 until sun. 11 Jan. 2009 inclusive
Attention: Please book by telephone before coming

Invergordon Scotland
Kilmonivaig Seafield
Tain, Ross-shire, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 186-287 1631
Hours: T, Th 10am-12pm, 7pm-9pm

Inverness Scotland
13 Ness Walk
Inverness, Inverness-shire, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 146-323 1220
Hours: Mondays: 10am-4pm; (Thurs evenings 6pm-8pm by appointment only)
Attention: please ring for an appointment before calling.

Kirkcaldy Scotland
Winifred Crescent
Forth Park
Kirkcaldy, Fifeshire, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 159-264 0041
Hours: T, Th 10am-4pm; T-W 7pm-9pm; Th 6pm-9pm.

Lerwick Scotland
44 Prince Alfred Street
Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 159-569 5732
Hours: Th 6pm-9pm; All other times by appointment

Montrose Scotland
Coronation Way
Montrose, Angus, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 167-467 5753

Motherwell Scotland
444-478 Orbiston Street
Motherwell, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 1698 266630
Hours: Wed 7pm-9pm.

Paisley Scotland
Glenburn Road
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 141-884 2780
Hours: T 9.30am-3.30pm; W 10am-1pm; Th 6.30-9pm; Sat 9.30am-2.30pm.

Stornoway Scotland
Newton Street
Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, Scotland
Phone: 44 (0) 185-187 0972
Hours: W 7pm-9pm; Th 3pm-9pm.
Attention: For appointments, please ring Eric Shaw on 01851 820274

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